Wellbeing, inclusion & diversity

Teacher resources & training


Causes and Effects

Possible effects of bullying

Bullying has been linked to numerous negative effects, both short and long-term...

different types of bullying

In general, bullying is repetitive and habitual. - Perception by the bully of being in a position of power over the victim...

defining bullying

What is bullying?

Well, a student is being bullied when another student or group of students, either say unpleasant things or make fun of someone or give anyone a bad or hurtful nickname, or is ignoring or excluding someone from friends or deliberately failed to include someone…

…in various activities intentionally. Or it could be beating, kicking, shoving…

…or threaten someone. In other words, being physical. Or bullying could be spreading lies, false rumours about someone. It could be sending nasty notes or trying to get other students to actually dislike someone else.

To define a particular behaviour as bullying, there must be at least three conditions applied.

First – an intent to harm the victim.

And 2nd, a repetition of the abusive behaviour over a certain period of time. And thirdly, an imbalance of power between the victim and the bully, or the bullies.

One case of abuse may be enough to be called bullying, if the case is serious enough, and especially if it serves to cause a continuing of the abuse, and this is very relevant when bullying occurs in digital platforms, often named cyber bullying.

different types of bullying

So hello, my name is Andrea and today I’m going to be describing (I’m from Spain). I’m going to be describing the different types of bullying that we’ve seen in classrooms.

There are many different type actions which fall into the umbrella of bullying. These can be verbal, physical or even cyber aggressions.

Even exclusion can form part of bullying. These aggressions can happen in any social situation and between any…

…group of people.

In a classroom between students, we can find many examples of bullying. A very common one is exclusion, when one student is purposefully left aside and not become part of the group. Another common one is cyber bullying. It’s very popular now with the rise of technology.

And this one’s very dangerous, because a lot of kids can hide behind fake names…

…and anonymity to bully other students. We believe that the best way to help students understand bullying is to explain to them the different types there are and what actions can be considered bullying.

Sometimes they might not even realise they’re bullying, so that they can understand what bullying is and they can prevent it.

what bullying leads to

Forms of bullying and possible harmful effects of bullying.

Traditionally, bullying could be divided into 5 main forms, first one physical, second one verbal, third one gestures, 4th exclusion, and 5th blackmailing. Bullying can take place…

…in both physical and digital forms.

All types of bullying are linked to real risk of causing physiological harm. Impaired performance in education, and also lack of social achievements.

Possible effects of building can be for instance problems at school, anxiety, stress.

Loneliness, depression and even suicidal thoughts.


What is cyber bullying?

First of all, I’d say cyber bullying is bullying. It can be just as harmful and even worse compared to other ways of bullying. Cyber bullying is any action conducted via electronic devices or digital media

Social media perhaps…

Performed by individuals or groups who regularly communicate hostile or aggressive messages,

…which are intended to cause damage or create discomfort for others.

Being mean to others by sending or publishing harmful material or taking part in other forms of social harassment through the Internet or other digital technologies.

Unlike the behaviour associated with traditional bullying, the aspect of repetition takes another form in a digital context, for example, a humiliating video clip published just once can still achieve a large audience. Every time the clip is viewed or published…

…elsewhere, this can be considered as a repetition of victimisation.

Technology provides bullies with the opportunity to harass the victim regardless of time, place and space. Therefore, cyber bullying occurs outside of the physical limitations of the school environment or other places where traditional bullying takes place. The bully, or bullies no longer need to be located…

…in the same place as the person..

…or people they want to bother.

And the bully wouldn’t see the facial expressions or other expressions with the victim, reducing the opportunity for empathy to kick in with the bullies.